The British pound is again defying the strength of the US dollar. This is again related to expectations of a forthcoming tightening of the Bank of England's policy, despite the setback it suffered from the BoE's recent announcement. Data this week will be important for those expectations. The strength of the dollar pushed the GBP/USD to retreat to the 1.3352 support level at the end of last week's trading, and attempts to recover moved the pair towards the 1.3450 resistance level before settling around the 1.3425 level as of this writing. The Bank of England is hinting at the December meeting as an opportunity to move its policy toward tightening to counter hyperinflation. This explains the recent steadfastness of the pound. Some analysts have noted technical indications that this corrective movement may extend further over the coming days, which will also see signs for the pound from the bank.
The GBP/USD remains in a multi-month bearish trend and some analysts say it could eventually move as low as the 200-week moving average located at 1.3165 on Friday, although much will depend over the coming days on the data relating to the GBP this week in addition to the continuation of the sharp bullish trend for the dollar lately.
The US dollar has strengthened significantly after inflation data last week sent prices up the entire market - a 0.25% increase in the fed funds rate range for both the third and last quarters of 2022, as market pricing also suggests equivalent price moves are likely in 2023. However, the 2023 price steps have not yet been fully priced in, so there is still room for the market to bet more on this possibility, and in addition to a rate hike in interest rates in 2024 in part because it was as recently as June in 2019, the maximum fed funds rate range of 25 basis points is set at 2.5%.
This puts a floor under the dollar and keeps the upside risks alive for the dollar as well as the downside risks for the pound.
On the daily chart, the GBP/USD is still moving within its bearish channel. Some technical indicators gave signals to reach oversold levels, but investor sentiment will remain the main driver of the currency pair in the coming days, as both currencies await news. Among the important economic factors that affect the pair are expectations of a policy tightening of both the Bank of England and the US Federal Reserve. The bears' targets stand at 1.3350, 1.3270 and 1.3180.
On the upside, the bulls must break through the 1.3620 resistance and 1.3700 to bring about a real and strong change in the general trend, which is still bearish
The pound will be affected by the announcement of the average wage in Britain, along with the rate of change in employment and the unemployment rate in the country. The US dollar will react to the announcement of US retail sales figures and the industrial production rate.